Modern Phytomorphology

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Changes in the content of total nitrogen and mineral nitrogen in the basil herb depending on the cultivar and nitrogen nutrition

Abstract

Katarzyna Dzida, Zbigniew Jarosz, Karolina Pitura

Among fundamental nutrients, nitrogen fertilization is considered one of the most effective factors affecting both the yield and the quality of plant material. Nitrogen form used for fertilizing is also of great importance. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of nitrogen nutrition (calcium nitrate, ammonium nitrate, and urea) as well as (green, purple, and ‘Fino Verde’) on the chemical composition and yielding of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). After drying the plant material at a temperature of 60°C and milling, total nitrogen was determined by means of Kjeldahl method, while mineral nitrogen content (N-NH4, N-NO3) was analyzed in 2% acetic acid extract. Yield of fresh basil matter depended significantly on the variety grown. The highest yields were obtained from a cultivar of ‘Fino Verde’ fertilized with ammonium nitrate. The purple variety plants fertilized with urea were characterized by a largest amount of total nitrogen. The ‘Fino Verde’ cultivar fertilized with urea accumulated the least quantities of nitrates in the basil herb.

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